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青铜器之最—清 · 大明宣德炉

2020-08-03| 发布者: 南丰信息港| 查看: 144| 评论: 3|来源:互联网

摘要: 铜的厚重赋予这些铜制品极大的威力和内涵,所以从古老的时代,人们便制造了很多铜器,其中铜炉作为中国古代...

铜的厚重赋予这些铜制品极大的威力和内涵,所以从古老的时代,人们便制造了很多铜器,其中铜炉作为中国古代铜器的一个独特品种,在中国传统文化中扮演了重要角色。铜炉,有炭炉、熏炉、手炉、温酒炉,还有一个特殊的“宣德炉”。以年号来命名一类事物,自是有非凡之处的,它们是一个历史的节点成就的经典,而宣德炉是大明宣德年间铸造的一批宫廷专用的香炉,它的经典之处在于独特的铜料和铸造工艺。在中国历代铜制品中其选料之精达到了登峰造极的境界,据明史载:宣德初南方暹罗国献风磨铜31680斤,盖风磨铜质量极优,加入了金银等30余种贵金属,且工艺复杂,铜料要经过6到12次的反复提炼,普通的铜在经过四炼以后就会呈现珠光宝色,多重冶炼之后的宣德炉自是与众不同,散发奇光。

The weight of copper gives these copper products great power and connotation. Therefore, since ancient times, people have made many copper wares. Among them, the copper furnace, as a unique variety of ancient Chinese bronzes, played an important role in Chinese traditional culture. . Copper stoves include charcoal stoves, smokers, hand stoves, warm wine stoves, and a special "Xuande stove". Naming a class of things with the year number is inherently extraordinary. They are a classic of achievements at a historical node. The Xuande furnace is a batch of palace-specific incense burners cast during the Xuande period of the Ming Dynasty. Its classic is unique. The copper material and casting process. Among the copper products of the past dynasties in China, the selection of its materials has reached the pinnacle. According to Ming history: the southern Siam country in the early Xuande period offered wind milled copper of 31680 jin. The quality of wind milled copper was excellent, and more than 30 precious metals such as gold and silver were added. Moreover, the process is complicated. The copper material has to be repeatedly refined for 6 to 12 times. After the four smelting, the ordinary copper will show a pearly color. After multiple smelting, the Xuande furnace is unique and emits strange light.

此件香炉样式来源于明宣德炉,以金铜制成,炉身形制规整。通体光素,尽显铜炉精纯美质。铜质精量,入手沉甸,宝光可比良金,贵得精铜铸炼所致。器表呈鳝鱼黄色,光泽内敛。皮色沉静浑厚,端丽容穆,浑然天成,为宣炉标准皮色之楷模。直口,两侧置双兽像首粗眉杏目,蜿蜒盘旋,表情自然细腻,其包浆色泽凝重,器表莹润,光华内敛,色泽蕴藏于内,映出黯淡奇光,灿烂自然,给人以细腻柔滑之感。敦厚之中不失灵巧精致,是为书房陈设雅器。“有炉光怪真异绝,肌腻肉好神清和”,此炉确当此评。

The style of this incense burner is derived from the Xuande furnace of the Ming Dynasty. It is made of gold and bronze, and the shape of the furnace is regular. The whole body of light element shows the pure beauty of the copper furnace. The quality of copper is heavy, and the precious light is comparable to good gold, which is caused by refined copper casting. The surface of the vessel is eel yellow with a restrained luster. The skin color is calm and thick, and it is beautiful and beautiful, and it is a model of the standard skin color of the Xuan furnace. The mouth is straight, with double animal images on both sides, the head of the beast has thick eyebrows and apricot eyes, winding and circling, and the expression is natural and delicate. Brilliant and natural, giving a delicate and smooth feeling. The honesty and dexterity are exquisite, it is to furnish elegant decorations for the study. "It's weird to have a furnace, and the muscles are so mellow," this furnace deserves this comment.

          此炉做工规整,字迹明显,足体圆润,精致典雅,线条流畅,圆润醇厚,为清仿明代造炉最高水平之代表。盖内烟熏痕迹清晰,显系经常使用所致。是一件不可多得的藏品,具有极高的价值,值得收藏。

This furnace has regular workmanship, obvious handwriting, round feet, exquisite and elegant, smooth lines, mellow and mellow, and it is the representative of the highest level of Qing and Ming Dynasty furnaces. The smoke traces in the cover are clear, which is obviously caused by frequent use. It is a rare collection with extremely high value and worth collecting.



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